Wheelchair basketball in the middle, junior and high school settings can be added as an adapted sport for students with physical disabilities allowing them the opportunity to participate in the world’s most popular Paralympic sport as an equitable athletic opportunity to take part in school sports as their non-disabled peers.
Court dimensions: Standard basketball court dimensions and hoop height.
Equipment: Standard regulation basketball
Rules: Standard basketball rules with a few modifications. The wheelchair is considered part of the player for contact, inbounds and out of bounds purposes, and position in the front or back court. To dribble, a player may place the ball on their lap and take two pushes on their wheel(s). The player may then coast or change direction without putting movement on the wheels. The player must bounce the ball to the floor, pass or shot before taking a third push.
Time limits: 4 periods of 10 minutes or 2 halves of 20 minutes
Scoring: Standard basketball scoring. The front wheels of the basketball chair may be in front of free throw line; only rear wheels must be behind the free throw line.
Modifications: The field of play, time limits, and equipment can be modified to accommodate students of varying abilities. An 8.5’ basket, women’s ball or a Spalding NBA Rookie Composite Ball are standard modifications used to help students achieve success in wheelchair basketball.
ADDITIONAL ONLINE RESOURCES
- American Association of Adapted Sports Programs (AAASP)
- Eagle Sports Chairs: Equipment Supplier
- International Wheelchair Basketball Federation (IWBF)
- National Wheelchair Basketball Association (NWBA)
- Per4Max: Equipment Supplier
- Quickie: Equipment Supplier
- Top End: Equipment Supplier
- Xcalibur: Equipment Supplier