Alpine Skiing Glossary

Ambulatory Skier:  The racing category for athletes who stand to ski or for those who walk but have mobility impairments. Examples include amputations or cerebral palsy.

Dowel Testing: Balance test performed with a skier in a sit-ski to determine the best position for the seat on the ski.

Dual-Ski: Sit-skiing in which the skier uses a molded seating apparatus mounted to two skis.

Factor System: System for comparing the various handicapped classes ‘on par’ in ski racing.

Four-Track Skiing: Skiing on two skis while using outriggers for stability.

Golden Rule: Specifies preferential seeding of skiers with disabilities in sanctioned races. Under the Golden Rule, places are reserved at the end of the top seed, after the first 15 racers, for the top disabled skiers so that they can race on the course before it becomes too rough from overuse.

Lift-Loading Mechanism: System of levers and swing arms that mechanically raise a sit-ski into a position suitable for loading onto the chairlift.

Mono ski: A form of sit-skiing in which the skier uses a molded seating apparatus mounted to one ski.

Outrigger: Similar to a ski  pole with an adapter that allows a ski tip to be attached to the end. The ski tip is retractable and can flip up to expose metal claws for gripping the snow (IE: crutch position).

Sit Skier: The racing category for athletes who use mono or dual skis are for those who have impairments to the lower extremities. Examples can include individuals with a bi-lateral amputation or spinal cord injury.

Three Track Skiing: Skiing on one ski while using outriggers or poles to maintain balance.

Two Track Skiing: Skiing on two skis.

Visually Impaired Guide: An individual who leads a visually impaired individual down the race course using visual cues and verbal cues. This individual is required to wear a bib inscribed with “GUIDE” or “G”. They start next to the athlete in the starting gate, but they do cross the finish line.

Visually Impaired Radio Guiding System:  Visually impaired athletes and guides often utilize a two way helmet radio system for communication while on the race course. Another option is to have the guide wear a backpack with speakers which projects the guides voice commands.

Visually Impaired Skier: The racing category for visually impaired athletes are for those who experience significant vision loss which requires the use of a guide during racing.


Guideline Table of Contents
Training and Equipment
Competition and Rules
FAQs & Resources


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