Alpine Skiing Competition & Rules

Basic Rules
  • For sitting and visually impaired skiers, multiple jumps and multiple compressions should be eliminated
  • Athletes in classes LW 2 and LW 9 skiing with one ski are not allowed to use the free limb in contact with the snow to gain speed or to keep balance. Any violation of this rule will cause a disqualification
  • For all B-classes (Visually Impaired) the use of a guide is obligatory. Guides start the race from outside the start gate beside the racer
  • No physical contact between the guide and competitor is allowed during the race
  • All competitors in class B1 must wear blacked-out goggles during the competition
  • All guides must guide VI athletes from in front. An exception can occur only between the last gate and the finish line, where the athlete can overtake the guide
  • The distance between guide and athlete in technical events (slalom and giant slalom) must not exceed two direction changes and in speed events (downhill and super-g) must not exceed one direction change. Failure to satisfy this definition of the team will lead to disqualification
  • The guide must pass through all gates
  • All guides must wear the supplied competition bib and meet the following specifications:
    • Have a clearly visible “G” in front
    • The back of the bib may be a different color to accommodate the needs of the visually impaired competitor



Downhill: Time of a single run determines result

Slalom: Combined times of two runs determines results (course is reset between runs)

Giant Slalom: Combined times of two runs determines result (course is reset between runs)

Super Giant Slalom (Super-G): Times of single run determines result

Super Combined (SC): Combined times of one downhill and one slalom OR one super-g and one slalom determine result

 Golden Rule

In order to encourage adaptive athlete participation in able-bodied USSA-sanctioned competition, USSA has adopted a special seeding rule for adaptive competitors. The “Golden Rule” was proposed by Adaptive World Champion, the late Diana Golden, and authorizes a special start order in USSA-sanctioned able-bodied competitions for adaptive athletes with USSA points equal to or better than the level noted in the current competition guide. Except for the specific application of the “Golden Rule,” adaptive competitors participating in able-bodied races do so according to the rules, procedures, and scoring of those events.

1st Run: Seeding in special groups with start order: 16-20…36-40…56-60…, etc. or by USSA points, whichever is more favorable. Placement within groups by US Adaptive Ski Team Ranking among the impaired athletes is entered.

2nd Run: Seeding in the same special groups or by normal bib order, whichever is more favorable. Placement within groups according to first run finish order among impaired athletes.

2nd Run Bib other than 15: In the case of a “flip-30” 2nd run, the special group starts in the 31st position or in the position immediately following the first run leader when the flips other than 30.


Guideline Table of Contents
Training and Equipment
FAQs & Resources

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